The U.S. Figure Skating Championships is a figure skating competition held annually to crown the national champions of the United States. The competition is sanctioned by U.S. Figure Skating. In the U.S. skating community, the event is often referred to informally as “Nationals”. Medals are currently awarded in four disciplines: men’s singles, ladies singles, pair skating, and ice dancing in four colors: gold, silver, bronze, and pewter on two levels, senior and junior. Medals were previously given at the novice, intermediate, and juvenile levels. The event is also used to determine the U.S. teams for the World Championships, World Junior Championships, Four Continents Championships, and Winter Olympics, however, U.S. Figure Skating reserves the right to consider other results.
Unlike in other countries, such as Japan and Russia, where the Junior National Championships refers to the National Championships on the Junior level, in the United States, Junior-level skaters compete at the U.S. Championships. Juvenile- and Intermediate-level skaters are the skaters who compete at the U.S. Junior Championships. The similar names for the events can cause confusion when Juvenile- and Intermediate-level skaters receive local media attention. Junior-level skaters compete at the U.S. Championships on the Junior-level, whereas Juvenile and Intermediate skaters compete at the U.S. Junior Championships.
In that vein, the Junior national champion is a skater who won Nationals on the Junior level, not a skater who won an event at the U.S. Junior Championships. Those skaters would be the Juvenile and Intermediate national champions.
Qualification for the U.S. Championships begins at one of nine regional competitions. The regions are New England, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, Upper Great Lakes, Eastern Great Lakes, Southwestern, Northwest Pacific, Central Pacific, and Southwest Pacific. The top four finishers in each regional advance to one of three sectional competitions. Skaters who place in the top four at sectionals advance to the U.S. Championships.
Skaters can also receive byes to the competition. Skaters can earn the right at the U.S. Championships without qualifying through a sectional championship by:
1. Placing first through fifth in each discipline at the previous national championships on the senior level
winning a medal at the immediately previous World Championships
2. Winning a medal at the immediately previous Olympic Winter Games
3. Qualifying for the Junior or the Senior Grand Prix Final. A skater competing in two disciplines will receive a bye only in the discipline in which he or she qualified to the Junior or Senior Grand Prix Final.
Skaters may also receive byes through a qualifying competition if they compete in an international event during the time that qualifying event is to take place. For example, if a skater is competing at an event at the same time as his or her regional competition, that skater would receive a bye to the corresponding sectional competition. If a skater is competing at an event at the same time as his or her sectional competition, that skater would qualify for the national event without having had to compete at a sectional championship.
Note that the qualifying rules for the U.S. Championships have varied greatly over the history of the event. The regional qualifying event structure was not uniformly put in place until the 1966–67 season. Also, prior to this time, at sectional qualifying events skaters competed at one level above their national level, so senior sectional champions qualified to skate at the junior, rather than senior, national level. Qualification for the senior national championship was through a separate set of rules, essentially based on results from the previous season.
Here is the following list of U.S. Figure Skating Championships Location:
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